5 March 2020 – Japan`s Ambassador to Iraq, HASHIMOTO Naofumi, and UNESCO`s representative in Iraq, Paolo Fontani, signed an agreement in Baghdad on Tuesday (March 3rd) to support the project to support youth job creation in Mosul. The project aims to promote sustainable job creation for young people who support the return of internally displaced persons through quality TVET training for skilled construction workers. The documents covered by the treaty include printed books, newspapers, magazines, government publications, printed music, works of art, antiquities over 100 years old, scientific instruments used in training or research, and educational films. The agreement does not apply to materials containing excessive amounts of promotional material.  The Director and representative of UNESCO`s Office in Iraq welcomed this innovative contribution: «UNESCO is very grateful to the Japanese government and people. The project will strengthen Mosul`s youth by supporting jobs and autonomy, and reduce the likelihood of marginalization and extremism. The project will be carried out in synergy with other UNESCO activities as part of the «Revive the Spirit of Mosul» framework initiative to coordinate international efforts to revitalize Mosul`s educational and cultural institutions, in close cooperation with the Iraqi government and people. This project will be linked to the European project «Revitalising the old cities of Mosul and Basra». On 26 November 1976, the protocol to the Convention on the Importation of Educational, Scientific or Cultural Goods was concluded in Nairobi, Kenya. The protocol, also known as the Nairobi Protocol, expands the types of materials covered by the agreement. The protocol came into force on January 2, 1982 and has been signed by 13 states since 2013 and ratified by 46 states. New Zealand and Oman signed the protocol but did not ratify it. The agreement was adopted by resolution on 17 June 1950 at a UNESCO general conference in Florence, Italy. Opened for signature on May 21, 1950 in Lake Success, New York, it came into effect on May 21, 1952.
Since 2014, it has been signed by 29 states and ratified by 102 states, including 101 UN member states plus the Holy See. The states that signed the agreement but did not ratify it are Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras and Peru. There is no deadline for signing or ratifying the agreement. Ambassador Hashimoto said: «Japan recently adopted a new $41 million aid plan for Iraq, including this project to help young people in Mosul. With this package, the total amount of assistance granted by Japan to those affected by the crisis amounts to $540 million since 2014. I hope that the help of the Japanese government and people will help promote sustainable job creation for the youth of Mosul as part of reconstruction efforts. »